6. The four defence agreements signed with the United States were concluded under the BJP. The first in 2002, as Atal Bihari Vajpayee War Prime Minsiter. The other three under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. LEMOA has great benefits for both India and the United States, particularly in the case of naval cooperation. The strategic agreement allows partners to make their military and strategic assets available to each other, such as warships and other facilities, necessiting mutual trust. It took nearly a decade to negotiate LEMOA, and the exercise somehow closed the confidence gap between India and the United States, paving the way for the other two pacts. India and the United States have already signed three important basic agreements: the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) in 2002, the Logistics Exchange Agreement (LEMOA) in 2016 and the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) in 2018. These included areas of security and military information, compatibility, security and logistics exchanges, and communications. U.S.
Secretary of Defense Mark T. Esper and Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo visited India on October 26, just a week before the U.S. presidential election. The duo met with their Indian counterparts, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar. The two countries have signed a total of five agreements as part of the 2-2 ministerial dialogue. Bilateral agreements included the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA). The new bilateral agreement would have access to better cooperation between India and the United States between India and the United States on the part of the Air Force. The facility will enable combat aircraft to achieve their objectives effectively and efficiently.
In short, BECA will provide Indian military systems with a high-quality GPS to navigate with real-time intelligence to precisely attack the enemy. In addition to ship navigation, aircraft flight, war battle and target position, geo-intelligence is also essential to respond to natural disasters. The agreement will allow India and the United States to exchange important military information, such as advanced satellite and topographic data, including maps, nautical and aerial maps, as well as geophysical, geodesic, geomagnetic and gravitational data. These concerns were raised after several roundtable discussions between New Delhi and Washington DC. Relations between the two countries – which are at a record high – would also have helped the two countries reach the agreement. LEMOA is very useful for cooperation between the Indian and American navies, as the two countries work closely together in the Indo-Pacific space. To put the usefulness of this agreement in simple terms, it is like being able to stop in a friend`s garage or workshop to refuel your car or have it repaired if you are away from your own home or workshop. These agreements covered areas such as security and military information, compatibility, security and logistics exchanges, and communications.
BECA`s goal is to improve space cooperation between India and the United States. The BECA agreement will provide military personnel from both nations with access to highly accurate geographic data, high-quality military technology and classified satellite data on defence issues. The agreement will allow the United States to exchange sensitive data on satellites and sensors that would help India reach military targets with precise accuracy.